Hypertension (high blood pressure) – made easy

Hypertension means elevated Blood Pressure.


Blood Pressure classification Systolic blood pressure mm Hg (upper reading) Diastolic blood pressure mm Hg (lower reading)
Normal Less than 120 And Less than 80
Pre-hypertension 120-139 Or 80-89
Stage 1 Hypertension 140-159 Or 90-99
Stage 2 Hypertension 160 or higher Or 100 or higher
Hypertensive urgency (if no headache or other symptoms)- needs urgent physician visit. Higher than 180 Or Higher than 110
Malignant Hypertension (severe hypertension with retinal hemorrhages, vomiting, headache, double vision, blurring of vision or neurological symptoms)– needs immediate emergency care. Higher than 180 Or Usually higher than 120 but can occur in diastolic blood pressure of 100


Risk factors for developing Hypertension:

Modifiable risk factors Non-modifiable risk factors
Overweight or Obesity Age
Smoking Race
High sodium or salt intake Family history
Alcohol intake Gender
Lack of physical activity Prehypertension or gestational hypertension
Certain medications-always ask your Doctor  


Complications of “uncontrolled” Hypertension:














JNC 8 guidelines for treating Hypertension:





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